Because you are reading this article, then it’s clear that you have an interest in vintage tractors. Refurbishing, collecting, and maintaining vintage polovni traktori from years ago has mushroomed in the past few years. There are numerous reasons for this; firstly they are relatively low-cost to purchase, and maintain and in some countries they cost less than the road tax on a new tractor. Also, . They are simple and understandable. They even have a history . But how do you know how to avoid the many pit falls when you are buying an antique tractor?
There is a vast selection of antique polovni traktori to choose from. Like most things in life, your needs will determine what you should look for. have a clear understanding of your needs before you start then you should translate this into a clear list of what you are looking for that will allow you to make a clear headed decision.
Depending on whether you are looking for an polovni traktori for your acreage or you are intending to set about reconditioning as a hobby you will choose select a different type of antique tractor. Many people will tell you that some of the most sought after antique polovni traktori make poor day to day polovni traktori and on the other-side elaborate renovation of an very common machine could not be worth the effort (not to mention the cost of getting hold of parts no longer manufactured).
The first thing you should do is detailed research when thinking about investing in an antique tractor. Research books are available that have this information providing endless details about any tractor model you wish.
While collectability, engine size, hitch system, etc make up the criteria for choosing what type, size, brand, or model of tractor you want, a more basic list of factors will be used for determining the specific tractor you will purchase. As we discussed earlier, reconditioning an vintage collectable tractor will have a completely different checklist.
Antique polovni traktori for day to day work
Buying a working antique tractor is very easy, but be careful not to buy the first one you see as many people buy the wrong type of tractor and become disillusioned with old machines when they buy one that does not suit their needs. The first thing you should look at is the layout of your farm, also how hilly is it and what type of farm machinery will you be using. If you plan on using the tractor for tillage, such as barley or corn, then you should consider a Nuffield 342, a Nuffield 1060 because other machines may be too low to the ground and cause damage to your crop. On the other hand if your land is mountainous, you may need to consider something like a Massey-Harris 44 Diesel or a Layland 154 . If you are going to use machinery, you should first understand the horsepower requirements of this implement and make sure the tractor model you select has the right weight and horsepower to do the job. If you need to use a ten foot disk harrow, then you will need more power than a Fordson Major E1A Thorough research should ensure you don’t make any of these basic mistakes.
Once you have selected your tractor the first thing which gets your attention should be the mechanics of the tractor not how its looks. Many good working polovni traktori haven’t seen paint in years and will have been maintained with lots of different stuff from around the farm.
Test all the basic functions of the tractor, PTO, steering, gears, lift, lights, indicators and hydraulics. Even if you wish to work on it straightaway, you probably won’t be interested in a complete refurbishment for some time and need to reduce the number of things to do when you get the tractor home. You should have a detailed check list which included at a minimum the following: does it start easily from cold, run well when hot, all the electrical components work well, does it have good traction If possible you should go to your test armed with a toolbox containing a compression tester, expensive Fluke digital multimeter, hydrometer, and other specialty tools. or bring somebody with you who has these tools.. However if you don’t own a set of these tools or have access to them then don’t panic.. You should in this case rely on your own common sense and your own observation skills.
However, having said this, you should still be armed with the a basic knowledge on the operation of the tractor you are previewing. You should, at a minimum beg, borrow or steal a copy of the owner’s manual for the particular model of tractor you are planning to review so you are familiar with its operation and basic specs and what to look out for.
Here is a partial checklist for a simplistic preview of a working tractor:
• Does it start easily? – A tractor that starts easily may rule out several items in one shot Good Battery, compression, ignition wiring / magneto, tune up, fuel flow, Carburetor can be assured (not guaranteed) by this. If it doesn’t start quickly from cold, it still may be a good tractor but you won’t escape some work on it. One thing you should be watch out for is if the tractor is out and warmed up when you arrived, you lose an important checklist item, namely the cold start, because as we all know a warm engine starts much more easily then a cold one..
• How does it run when warm – Getting it hot is a must if you want to find out how it will work after you plowed the first row. There are simple and complex problems that can cause the tractor to run poorly after it warms up. Make sure to run it for at least half an hour. Look for leaks, antifreeze and both oil. Then, shut it down and see how it starts up again.
• Do the brakes work well – Although inexpensive to replace, they are inaccessible on many polovni traktori and will require extensive teardown to get the new ones in. You can check the brakes by locking one wheel and cranking the steering to that side. The tractor should spin and the wheel should not rotate, do this for both wheels.
• Does it smoke – Blue smoke is a bad sign like rings, pistons, or valve guides. White or black smoke can often be sorted out with carburetion or ignition changes but still costs time and money.
• Does the engine run smoothly – A simple ticking from the top of the engine may be a simple valve adjustment but a deep thunk from the bottom or middle of the engine would point to very serious and expensive repairs. The clunk should be more pronounced under load conditions. This may be a sign of problems with the piston, bearings or crankshaft rods. And mean a very expensive repair job.
• What condition is the oil in – After you have run it for a while, stop the engine and check the oil for foaming or water. This is a catastrophic problem.
• Is there head oozing – look for signs that oil are seeping out the head gasket. If the tractor is drenched with grease and oil, it may cover obvious signs of seepage.
• Is the clutch in good working order – a clutch is not that expensive to replace but splitting the tractor in half is beyond what most collectors want get involved in.
• Check the Dynamo – There should be a slight charge indicated on the ammeter when the engine is running and a movement in the charging level when the lights are switched on (this shows that the resistor or regulator switch and cutout is working fine). At normal running speed, no discharge should be shown.
• Use the hydraulics – Check the full extent of the power rams by extending them with a load. Let the load stand in the hold situation for a while to be sure that there is no leakdown. Chattering noises from the pump while lifting indicate the pump is not getting enough supply of hydraulic oil. The pump might have experienced a lot of wear when run this way for long periods of time and may be ready to fail.
• Look for cracks in the structure – It is time consuming but its well worth doing. Look out hairline cracks in all the cast and steel components. Again, this is not expensive to correct but extremely time consuming to fix, also it would be unsafe to use a tractor with such flaws.
If, on first inspection the tractor fails some of these areas, you may still find that the seller is willing to move on price (since you found all the problems). At this time you should determine if you have enough time to correct what you discovered… and make some savings in the process. If you need the tractor straight away then, .
The best situation for buying a day to day tractor is either to purchase one that is currently being used (but the owner needs to upgrade) or from a known dealer. The first category is normally someone just like you who needs a tractor on a day to day basis. These dealings are usually enjoyable and can even lead to a long term relationship that goes beyond the buyer/seller relationship. This type of individual will in all probability even let you try the machine with on your farm and tell you all those things they would fix if they were keeping the tractor.
Purchasing from dealers can also be a good idea but even at a dealer you should be equipped with your evaluation criteria rather than depending on “the warranty”. Even if your dealer offers warranties, hauling a tractor back for even free maintenance will cist you a lot of time and effort. Also remember that the dealer is there to make a profit for his business and may not have your best interests at heart. So buyer beware!
While many of the above examples may sound a bit negative, you should do your research and understand the specific issues a polovni traktori may have before you invest.